NTNU Internet Of Things Lab (NINOT)

NTNU's Internet Of Things Laboratory (NINOT) at the Department of Telematics is dedicated to research and development of technologies supporting the engineering and deployment of Internet of Things-based systems.

The Internet of Things (IoT) combines embedded systems devices with existing network infrastructure. Applications based on this technology will play an ever increasing role and are supposed to change both, industry and social life dramatically in the close future. The pervasive nature of their use demands not only functional correctness, robustness, safety, and efficiency of IoT systems but, in particular, a close protection of their users such that security and privacy are crucial.

A typical IoT system consists of a vast number of embedded devices and the cooperation between devices may change dynamically according to the current system state. Moreover, many of them will be small and based on limited battery power. This requires novel approaches for realizing the systems:

  • Traditional communication protocols are often too heavyweight and not flexible enough to handle the communication of IoT systems sufficiently. Evidence is the emergence of new protocols like MQTT and CoAP that allow a more leightweight communication.
  • Today's authentication-based security mechanism seem not suited to the modular and dynamic nature of IoT systems while many encryption mechanisms will overstress the energy limitations of many embedded devices.
  • Most current engineering techniques do not fit to the development of functional correct, secure, safe, robust, efficient, and energy preserving IoT systems since they do not offer means to handle the complexity caused by the plethora of parallel and dynamically changing behavior occuring in a system.

The goal of the NINOT Lab is to research and develop technologies supporting the practical usability of embedded computing devices in existing and future network infrastructures in everyday life. In particular, methods to solve the shortcomings with respect to networks, security, and engineering mentioned above will be researched. A goal of the lab is to develop test-beds and experimental facilities, demonstrating the effects of ubiquitous IoT technology.